Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gum tissue caused by plaque and tarter, which can develop into periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is an infectious and inflammatory disease, which destroys the gum and bone that supports your teeth.
Periodontal disease affects approximately 70% of adults and is caused by plaque. Plaque is the sticky clear film, which forms on teeth every day and is made up of different types of microorganisms. These microorganisms feed on many of the foods we eat. Plaque produces acid as it feeds and this acid is the major cause of tooth decay and gum disease.
It is possible to have periodontal disease and have no warning signs. Studies have found that periodontal infections may contribute to the development of heart disease, which is the nationís number one cause of death. The association between chronic oral infections extends to diabetes, lung disease, stroke and even pregnancy. This is why regular dental check-ups and periodontal examinations are very important. If detected in the early stages, periodontal disease can be treated and controlled, and even prevented from becoming severe.